The removal of the Native Americans caused murders to be committed

(This has been transcribed from Chapter Two – Jefferson County and Birmingham History 1887 by Teeple & Smith Publishers)


Great excitement in Jefferson County

About the year 1836 great excitement was caused in Jefferson County, Alabama in consequence of the hostile attitude of the Seminole and Creek Indians, especially the latter.

The treaty which had recently been concluded between the General Government and Indians for their removal to the West caused great dissatisfaction among a large portion of them, and several murders were committed between Montgomery and Columbus, Georgia, and other outrages, which finally resulted in a state of war.trail_of_tears_map2

Governor called for volunteers

The Governor made a call for volunteers, and Jefferson County, as usual in such cases, responded promptly, and a company of near 100 men was soon raised, and James McAdory was elected captain.307_Elyton-Land-Co-BWWB

I forget the names of the other officers, or I would gladly give them, as they were a gallant set of boys, and spent a hot summer in the sickly climate, at that time, of South Alabama, serving faithfully till the object of the campaign was accomplished, and the hostile Creeks were captured and .sent via Montgomery and Mobile by water to their new homes. The captain and most of his men returned, but several contracted disease which finally proved fatal.

Regiment sent to Florida

About the same time a regiment commanded by Colonel Dent, of Tuscaloosa, was sent to Florida against the Seminoles. There were some of the Jefferson boys in that expedition, but their names are not recollected. In that campaign the gallant Mims Jemison was killed.

A fine regiment from Tennessee, under the command of General Armstrong, passed through our county near that time on their way to Florida. Some of the best blood of the Volunteer State was spilled on the ‘Tampas’ desert strand.” In that campaign I recollect that Colonel Guild and one of General Carroll’s sons were among them, and I think the immortal Cheathum was also with them, but am not certain.

They spent several days resting and recruiting for the long march at the fine country residence of Colonel Dupuy one and a half miles south of Birmingham.

Land belonged to the Colonel

At that time the land on which Birmingham is located, and all between that and his residence, belonged to the Colonel, and with genuine Virginian hospitality he threw open his parlors and well-filled cribs to the volunteers and their horses, and they had a good time for about a week, but unfortunately while there the measles broke out in the camp and was left in the family, by which misfortune the Colonel lost twenty likely young negroes, worth about $10,000. I have always thought that he should have been reimbursed from the United States Treasury, but as that kind of property was not very popular with the majority in Congress all applications for compensation by our representatives in Congress have been refused.

The remainder of the Creek tribe which had not been sent by water soon after passed through Elyton, and rested a short time there on their march to their new homes. I recollect noticing the chiefs as they sat on the piazza of the Taylor Hotel, and I think a finer looking set of men, consisting of some twenty or more, were seldom seen together.

If there is any truth in phrenology, I don’t think they would have suffered by comparison with the Congress of the United States, which, at that time, contained such men as Clay, Webster, Crittenden, Menifee, Underwood, Graves, Bell, Grundy, etc.

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About Donna R Causey

Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and www.daysgoneby.me All her books can be purchased at Amazon.com and Barnes & Noble. She has authored numerous genealogy books. RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE) is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2) is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series) Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1) is the continuation of the story. . For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

29 Responses to The removal of the Native Americans caused murders to be committed

  1. Gina Boulware Willis did you see this?

    • yashua-p@cox.net'Cecil Pittman says:

      To me, this is surely one of the saddest or worst page of our history and not just for Alabama. It is a blot on the entire nation.

  2. Very shameful. Some treaties were done without the consent of all the people. The removal was our Holocaust.

  3. Dan CooperDan Cooper says:

    What a sad sad time in American history

  4. Wade McCoyWade McCoy says:

    I live in Oklahoma. It’s odd that our Eufaula is also on a lake. As many of you may know Eufaula is ONE of the county seats of Barbour Co AL. The Indians were moved from AL to Eastern OK. We now have “Indian nations” in Oklahoma. The Choctaws are in the east, the Chickasaws are in the south, the Cherokees are in the NE. The Cheyenne-Arapaho are in the west. There are others. Most of these nations actually have an embassy in DC.

  5. Cale GlennCale Glenn says:

    Can u blame the natives for being hostile? They were forced from their land by greedy settlers that wanted it. I would have fought too.

  6. So wrong and you can thank Andrew Jackson for carrying out Indian removal act .

  7. Any of the towns in Oklahoma were named after the Towns in the Indian territories from which they were removed !!!
    Tishimingo , Iuka , And more !!!!!

  8. As I recall, this is how the 4th Alabama Infantry was created; and it still one of the oldest, military units still serving in the US Military.

  9. allenjohnson@centurytel.net'Sidney Allen Johnson says:

    Lets not get all outraged over Indian removal. If you knew the history of these tribes…particularly the Cherokee…you would know they were not native to this area but had come from the west…as in the Oklahoma territory! Andrew Jackson was well aware of this history from his early years. He was a captain present at the conversation mentioned here:
    In 1810, John Sevier, the first governor of Tennessee, wrote to his friend Major Amos Stoddard about a conversation he had in 1782 with the old Cherokee chief Oconostota concerning ancient fortifications built along the Alabama River. The chief allegedly told him that the forts were built by a white people called “Welsh”, as protection against the ancestors of the Cherokee, who eventually drove them from the region.
    They were a conquering lot themselves so don’t get misty eyed over their fate. They “removed” quite a few people themselves…and were proud to tell the tales.

  10. This article celebrates the murders of Natives, over the land which they claimed. And then the forced evacuation on the Trail of Tears. What a horrible history to celebrate.

    • It doesn’t “celebrate” anything. It’s called history. It happened. Learn from it.

    • One side of the story isn’t history. It is only a tale.

    • This article is transcribed from a different time, and yes, it definitely celebrates the murders of Native Americans and makes their murderers out to be hero’s. Makes me sick to my stomach to know that some of my ancestors were probably involved.

    • I was taught that Columbus was a great man and hero. Donald Garnto – – do you know the two reasons why white settlers thought it was ok to steel the Natives’ land and why they justified the rape and murder of women and children. It’s history. You should learn from it and then recognize the countries and tribes that are still doing it today.

  11. This nation was built on death and destruction, and it continues now. Everything we have and the riches we enjoy are ill, gotton. If you gain from your nations wrong doing, you are doomed.

  12. Pingback: The Federal Road was the state of Alabama's first interstate - Do you know where it was? [map and picture] - Alabama Pioneers

  13. This is something I hope the American people aren’t proud of. They tried to kill off all the true Americans. The American Indian.

  14. only give insight into the white men….doesn’t tell of the suffering and death of the indians….this write up is like they are proud of themselves.

  15. Can’t imagine why the Native Americans weren’t happy about being forced from their homes. ((Rolling my eyes))

  16. It would be all full to be forced from you home the Native American had the right to there land and homes. It was not right to force the from there homes . How would you fell if some one forced you from your home that you worked so hard for we lost a lot from moving them from there homes we could have learned a lot of good things from them .

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